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MRS BUTLER

Versions "A & B" have the same questions just in different order!

 

SECOND SEMESTER REVIEW





MATCHING

1. Plant Plankton                          A. Calcareous

2. Cannot make its own food        B. Phytoplankton

3. Animal Plankton                      C. Heterotrophic

4. Made of calcium                      D. Zooplankton

5. Made of silicon ( glass like)       E. Silicious



TRUE FALSE 'A' FOR TRUE 'B' FOR FALSE

6. A Barrier island protects the mainland from the full force, and fiery of storms .

7. The Longshore current that you created on your shore lab is found deep out to sea..

8. One of greatest factors that produces sand dunes is water erosion.

MATCHING DEFINITIONS CHOOSE EACH ANSWER ONLY ONCE



9. Odontocetes numbers                      A. Form pods or herds

10 Dolphin                                          B. Use clicks from melon

11. Echolocation                                 C. 66 species

12. Social group                                  D. humpback whale

13. Suborder mysticetes                      E. one blowhole and teeth



CHOOSE ONE OF THE FOLLOWING MOLLUSK CLASSES AS THE ANSWER FOR THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS;

A. Gastropoda B. Pelecypoda C. Amphineura D. Scaphopoda E. Cephalopoda

QUESTIONS; ( You may use these answers more than once)

14. Is a rock dweller that holds fast between high and low tides.( Was the preserved mollusk)

15. Is the largest mollusk class.

16. Is also known as the tusk or sword shell class.

17. The squid is a member of this class.

18. This class includes clams, oyster, mussels, and scallops

19. Another name for this group is the Univalve class.

20. This class is the second largest class.

21. When frightened, members of this class can secrete ink to protect themselves.

22. Members of this mollusk group are primitive, and they have eight plates covering their shell.

23. Another name for this group is the Bivalve class.

TRUE- FALSE USE THE "A" FOR TRUE USE THE "B" FOR FALSE

24. Sediment is a valuable resource because some of it ( Diatoms ) can be used in the filters of swimming pools, and in yard preparation.

25. Holoplankton only spends a portion of its life as plankton.

26. Plankton is the essential for the survival of the oceanic food web cycle.

27. There are three main types of algae which are based upon these colors Green, Red, and Yellow.

28. The three methods for taking plankton samples are Piston corer, Grab sampler, and Plankton net.



MATCHING ANSWERS MAY BE USED MORE THAN ONCE



29. Float or drift on surface                  A. Zooplankton

30. Are Autotrophic                            B. Both Phytoplankton & Zooplankton

31. Important in food web                  C. Phytoplankton

32. Includes jellyfish

33. Known as algae

34. Daily vertical migration



CHOICES for questions 12-16

a. Diatoms    b. Dinoflagellates    c. Coccolithophores

d. Foraminiferans e. Radiolarians

35 Is phytoplankton, calcareous, and soluble in low temperatures.

36 Is zooplankton, calcareous, and can be an indicator of under sea oil deposits.

37. Is phytoplankton which needs low level light, has flagella , and can cause red tides.

38. Is zooplankton , can be bioluminescent, and also has silica tests ( shell) .

39. Is phytoplankton found in cold , nutrient rich water which is golden brown, and forms rich earth.



MULTIPLE CHOICE

40. Temporary residents of the Plankton area who mature to dwell in another region of the ocean are called _______

a. Zooplankton b. Phytoplankton c. Holoplankton d. Meroplankton e. Plankton

41. Planktonic organisms which use photosynthesis to make their own food are known as _______________

a. Autotrophic b. Phytoplankton c. Diatoms d. Heterotrophic

42. The zooplankton which causes the Red Tides is called _______________

a. Diatoms b. Dinoflagellates c. Coccolithophores d. Radiolarians

43. Permanent residents to the Plankton area that begin and end their life cycle there are called______

a. Zooplankton b. Phytoplankton c. Holoplankton d. Meroplankton e. Plankton



TRUE -FALSE 'A' FOR TRUE OR 'B' FOR FALSE



44. Birds are well suited to fly because they have hollow bones and feathers.

45. Marine birds enjoy a diet which includes fish, plants, and squid.

46. Four common Marine birds in our area are penguins, cormorants, doves, and seagulls.

47. Little Creek is the refuge in our area that is linked to the Eastern Flyway.

48. An endangered bird that lives in this vicinity is the Bald Eagle.







TRUE-FALSE ANSWER 'A' FOR TRUE OR 'B' FOR FALSE





49. A shark is a member of the Osteichthyes class of fish.

50. Pectoral fins can be modified to be used for crawling or digging

51. The protective flap of bone and skin that covers the gills of a fish is called the barbels.

52. The lateral line is a system of sensory organs found in the fish.

53. An Angel fish is a good example of a compressed fish body shape.







MATCHING CHOOSE THE CHOICES DIRECTLY BELOW



54. Galapagos Island is their home         A. Mesozoic

55. Ancient Marine Reptile period         B. Green Sea Turtle

56. Most aggressive Marine Reptile         C. Crocodile

57. Gets its color from algae it eats         D. Flatback Turtle

58. Has thick overlying scales                 E. Marine Iguana





MATCHING CHOOSE THE BEST ANSWER



59. Most endangered Marine turtle                 A. Leatherback

60. Most poisonous Marine reptile                B. Loggerhead

61. Marine reptile often used for jewelry       C. Kemp's Ridley

62. Name means "big head"                           D. Sea Snake

63.Largest sea turtle                                     E. Hawksbill



TRUE FALSE Answer "A" for True or "B" for False



64. Shallow water waves are the fastest traveling waves.

65. Waves which remain in a fixed position are known as standing waves. 66. Breakers occur because a wave hits the bottom of the shoreline.

67. The surfer's delight is technically called a spilling breaker.

68. A breaker which barely breaks on the steep slope of the shore is a plunging breaker.

69. The breaker with the steepest slope of all the breakers is known as a collapsing breaker.

70. Wood's Hole Oceanographic Institute is the famous research center that has Dr. Ballard as a part of their staff.

71. Aboard the Fram, Captain Nansen conducted research which was helpful in constructing the first submersibles.

72. In 1860, Charles Darwin classified, collected, and studied various organisms while he was aboard the H.M.S. Retriever.



MULTIPLE CHOICE

73. These are all marine mammal characteristics EXCEPT:

a. warm blooded b. intelligent c. have lungs d. have hair e. bear live young

74. The proper name for the ORDER that all whales, porpoises, and dolphins belong to is

a. pinnipedia b. sirenia c. mysticeti d. odontoceti e. cetecea

75. The order Pinnipedia is composed of these animals_____

a. whales and porpoises b. dolphins and seals c. walruses, seals. and sea lions

d. walruses, whales, and seals e. sea lions, seals, and dolphins

76. Sea lions have unique features. Which one of these features does NOT belong to a sea lion?

a. crawl on land b. external ears c. walk quadripedally d. live only in the Pacific Ocean

77. The order Sirenia is extraordinary, and has all of these features EXCEPT___

a. spends entire life in water   b. hind limbs become a paddle

c. mammary teats located in the armpit   d. are carnivores

78. The smallest marine mammals are the ______

a. seals b. penguins c. porpoises d. dolphins

e.. sea otters





79. These solitary mammals are seen thirty miles from land or ice in the arctic ____

a. polar bears b. sea lions c. penguins d. porpoises

e. seals

80. The particular term which best describes the whale's body ease of movement is ___

a. flexible b. streamlined c. blubbery d. buoyant e. furry

81. Another name for the fluke found on the whale is _____

a. flipper b. dorsal fin c. tail d. urogenital opening e. paddle

82. Body hair is most commonly located on the whale in the _____________area

a. dorsal fin b. armpit c. blowhole d. around the chin



MATCHING



83. Blubber                 A. 90 % efficiency

84. Air exchange         B. Hearing

85. Blowhole              C. Buoyancy

86. Cetacean milk      D. Nostrils

87. Best sense            E. 40 % fat

TRUE ( A for true) FALSE ( B for false)



88. The porpoise has a prominent beak and is larger than the dolphin.

89. Dolphins are more active and curious than porpoises.

90. There are three types of feeding patterns for baleen whales. These types are: gulpers, skimmers, and dunkers.

91. Baleen whales are also known as Mysticetes.

92. Whales that have baleen use sound only to locate food, not to communicate.



MATCHING



93. Leaping out of the water          A. Sounding

94. Swimming fast                         B. Breaching

95. Diving deep                            C. Bubble netting

96. Barrier to small fish                 D. Logging

97. Resting on the surface             E. Running



TRUE ( A for true) FALSE ( B for false)



98. Mysticetes are more social and travel in larger pods than Odontocetes.

99. Whales were hunted in the past as a resource for oil, soap, leather and shoehorns.

100. Both the humpback whale and the bottlenose dolphin are visitors off of our coast

.







MULTIPLE CHOICE



101. All of these classes describe Fish EXCEPT _____

a. Agnatha b. Chonrichthyes d. Osteichthyes d. Platyhelminthes

102. These are all feeding types of fishes in the Chesapeake Bay EXCEPT____

a. flounders b. predators c. strainers d . grazers e. pickers

103. All of these are specialized general features of a fish

EXCEPT ________

a. gills b. ears c. air bladder d. fins e. scales

104. This is the type of fish body type which is adept at hiding_______

a. fusiform b. truncated c. elongated d. compressed e. depressed.

105. A fish which has a shape that is depressed would be _______

a. adept at hiding b. rounded on the sides

c. flattened from side to side d. flattened from top to bottom e. streamlined.

106. A bottom feeder would tend to have a mouth which is _______

a, down turned b. in the middle of the head c . upturned d. large and gaping.

107. All of these are different types of caudal fins EXCEPT this kind ______

a. concave b. forked c. barbel d. lunate e. rounded

108. Benthic fish have adapted to their region by having all of these abilities EXCEPT______

a. creeping b streamlined c. camouflage d. some have no swim bladder e. down turned mouth.





MATCHING CHOOSE ONLY THE FIVE CHOICES BELOW



109. Spring tide               A. Estuary water at low level

110. Neap tide               B. 24 hr. 50 min.

111. Tidal day               C. Estuary water level rising

112. Flood tide              D Moon and sun at right angles

113. Ebb tide                 E. Moon and sun on same side



MULTIPLE CHOICE



114. This type of wave, which is produced by storms, is a large, smooth crested and can travel thousands of miles is referred to as a _________

a. swell b. tsunami c. episodic d. shallow water wave e. gravity wave

115 A small wave which is a wind driven wave is also called a ________

a. swell b. episodic c. spiller d. surf e. tsunamis

116. The energy of the wave originates from this (these) source (sources)________

a. wind b. gravity c. earthquake d. volcano e. all of these

117 Deep water waves occur when the depth of a wave is greater than ________ the wavelength

a. 1/8 b. 1/2 c. 1/4 d. 2/7 e. 3/5







MULTIPLE CHOICE



118. Shallow water waves are present when the depth of the wave is less than ________ the wavelength.

a. 1/9 b. 2/16 c. 3/12 d. 7/40 e. 1/20

119 A Wave train is one which has the same ________and ______

a. wavelength, wave height b. energy, speed c. depth, distance

d. speed , direction e. wavelength, energy.



MATCHING



120. Sun's energy that reaches earth       A. Greenhouse Effect

121. Warms up more quickly                 B. Insolation

and cools off more quickly

122. Earth's atmosphere traps                 C. Water

heat from the sun

123. Warms up more slowly                 D. Heat Budget

and cools off more slowly

124. 100% in = 100% out                     E. Land



TRUE FALSE ANSWER 'A' FOR TRUE AND 'B' FOR FALSE



125. Wind movement is caused by only one factor which is the rotation of the earth.

126. Of the sun's energy which is radiated to the earth, the amount of energy to reach the earth directly is 47%.

127. The only example of a current which is both warm and cool is the California Current.

128. Evaporation causes the oceans to become more dense.

129. When coastal winds blow the surface water toward the shore, this is called downwelling.



MATCHING CHOOSE ONLY THE FIVE CHOICES BELOW



130. Crest                      A. Number of waves past a point in a given time

131. Wave period          B .Time one wave crest goes one wavelength

132. Frequency             C. Waves of same direction and speed

133. Wave train            D. Highest point of wave

134. Trough                 E. Lowest point of wave



TRUE FALSE

ANSWER 'A' FOR TRUE OR 'B' FOR FALSE

135. Breakers occur because waves hit the bottom of the shoreline.

136. A breaker which has a tumbling crest and lasts a long time is called a spilling breaker.

137. The daily tidal table in Virginia Beach is based upon a semi diurnal type of tide.



MULTIPLE CHOICE:



138. Atmospheric pressure is _____

a. caused by the rotation of the winds b. caused by the movement of the currents

c. caused by the force with which the overlying air presses upon the earth d. all of these

139. Yearly the Chesapeake Bay provides 200 million pounds of seafood which is sold for

_____million dollars .

a. 35 b. 100 c. 87 d. 261 e. 165

140. Currents rotate in the Northern Hemisphere in a ______ direction.

a. clockwise b. counterclockwise c. east to west d. north to south

141. The major cause of currents would be ________

a. prevailing winds b. Coriolis effect c. temperature and density changes d. all of these

e. none of these

142. Warm currents have their origin (beginning) at the _______

a. Trade winds b. Equator c. Horse latitudes d. Gulf Stream

143. The current which can carry a person around the world is called the ______ current

a. North Equatorial b. North Atlantic c. West Wind Drift d. South Equatorial .

144. When surface water is blown away from the shore by offshore breezes , it is called ________

a. divergence (upwelling) b. convergence (downwelling) c. longshore transport d. riptide.

145. Large circular movement of the waters in the oceans is called _______

a. eddies b. gyres c. streams d. currents

146. Subsurface currents are formed because of this factor _______

a. wind b. gravity c. density changes d. seasonal differences



MATCHING CHOOSE ONLY THOSE DIRECTLY BELOW



147. Polar Easterlies                 A. Wind Belts

148. Trades                              B. Pressure Zones

149. Subpolar low

150. Prevailing Westerlies

151. Doldrums

152. Horse Latitudes



MULTIPLE CHOICE



153. This area has horizontal movement , and is a high heat reservoir ________

a. bottom water b. surface water c. thermolahine area d. polar region.

154. In the middle region of the ocean , the layer which has to do with density changes is called the __________

a. thermocline b. thermohaline c. halocline d. pycnocline

155. . The area of the ocean which has changes in salinity is known as the _______

a. halocline b. thermocline c. thermohaline d. pycnocline



MULTIPLE CHOICE



156. When there is a noticeable change in the temperature in the middle region of the ocean it is known as the ____

a. halocline b. thermocline c. thermohaline d. pycnocline

157. In the polar regions, the oceans water become ______

a. less dense b. less layered c. more layered d. more dense

158. In comparison to the surface waters the bottoms waters of the oceans tend to move _____

a. more slowly b. more quickly c. more seasonally d. more often

159. The Ekman spiral is caused by this factor _______

a. gravity b. density c. Coriolis effect d. salinity

160. Wind movement creates wind cells . There are ______ wind cells in each hemisphere.

a. 7 b. 3 c. 2 d. 4 e. 1

161. Basic wind movement flows from the ______ to the ________

a. east , west b. north, south c. poles, equator d. equator, poles.

162 The Coriolis effect is due to movement of the earth , and in the northern hemisphere it deflects winds toward the _______

a. right b. left c. coasts d. poles.

163 Which of the following is NOT a wind belt ____

a. Polar easterlies b. Prevailing westerlies c. Trades d. Doldrums



MATCHING



164.Heat transfers from one                A. Radiation

body to another.

165. Long and short                            B. Convection

electromagnetic waves which

transfer heat.

166. Movement of heat by                 C. Conduction

currents





USE THE DIAGRAM BELOW TO IDENTIFY THE FOLLOWING AREAS



167 A. Subpolar.

168. B. Westerlies

169. C. Polar Easterlies

170. D. Trade Winds

171. E. Horse Latitudes



USING THE SAME DIAGRAM COMPLETE THESE QUESTIONS

172. A.Westerlies

173. B. Trades

174. C. Polar high

175. D. Doldrums

176. E. Low Pressure

FOR THE CURRENT MAP IDENTIFICATION USE THE CURRENT MAP BELOW



MATCHING

177                 A. California

178                 B.. West Wind Drift

179                 C.. North Equatorial

180                 D.. Kuroshio

181                 E. South Equatorial



MATCHING USE THE SAME CURRENT MAP

182.                 A. Labrador

183.                 B. Canary

184.                 C. Peru

185.                 D. Brazil

186.                 E. Gulf

MATCHING CHOOSE EACH ANSWER ONLY ONCE

187. Fins                            A. Used in respiration

188. Air Bladder                 B. Protective slime coating

189 Gills                             C. For maneuverability

190. Mucous coat              D. Keeps fish buoyant (afloat)



USE THE PICTURE BELOW TO ANSWER QUESTIONS 191-200

QUESTIONS 191-195 REFER TO THE KIND OF FIN



A =Pectoral fin

B = Anal fin

C = Dorsal fin

D. = Pelvic fin

E = Caudal fin



QUESTIONS 196-200 REFER TO THE PRIMARY FUNCTION OF THE FIN NEAR THE CORRESPONDING NUMBER



A. = Power

B. = Turning

C. = Stabilization

D. = Braking

E. =Mating



ESSAY

SHORT ANSWER READ THE QUESTION CAREFULLY AND ANSWER FOUR of the SIX IN COMPLETE SENTENCES

201. EXPLAIN at least Three important facts about the Marine Reptile you studied.

202. DISCUSS the Two types pf Plankton, and give an Example of each kind.

203. EXPLAIN how currents and winds interact.

204. DISCUSS five differences between Mysticetes and Odontocetes.

205. LIST and EXPLAIN the four wave types.

206. DESCRIBE the characteristics and value of fish in our oceans.

LEARNING begins with KNOWLEDGE, and finishes with WISDOM.