Do Not write on Exam





A. Producer B. Consumer C. Decomposer D. Nutrient


1. Seaweed


2. Shark


3. Phytoplankton


4. Whale


5. Bacteria


6. Jellyfish


7. Crab


8. Copper


9. Worm


10. Turtle


11. Phosphorus


12. Red Algae


13. Zooplankton








Locate the;

14. Continent Rise

15. Continental Slope

16. Continental

17. Continental Shelf

18. Sea Level

19. Abyssal Hills

20. Abyssal Plain

21. Island

22. Guyot

23. Seamount



















24. When there is an accident in the laboratory. it is important to report the accident_______

a. when there is enough time

b. after telling another classmate

c. before continuing the experiment

d. immediately.


25. Be alert and proceed with _____________ at all times in the science laboratory is a rule to remember.

a. determination

b. care

c. caution

d. haste



26. When working with dangerous chemicals, the student should _________

a. wear chemical goggles

b. read the instructions three times

c. never taste , touch, or smell them

d. all of these.


27. If there is broken glass in the laboratory the student should tell the teacher and _____

a. use a dustpan and brush

b. pick it up with cotton

c. have your lab partner pick it up

d. have the teacher clean it up.


28. Be aware of the location of the emergency shower, eye wash, fire blanket, and the _________

a. emergency exit door

b. fire extinguishers

c. chemical safety goggles

d. wash basin or sink.


29. The minimum size tank for a saltwater aquarium is ________ gallons.

a. 40

b. 10

c. 20

d. 55


30. One of the best types of filter systems for the marine aquarium is the ________________

a. under gravel filter

b. outside filter

c. use of algae eaters

d. power filter


31. Aquarium gravel is useful in the tank because __________

a. bacteria can grow there

b. it acts as a buffer

c. it traps suspended particles

d. all of these


32. Remember never use of any kind___________ in the aquarium.

a. artificial salts

b. detergents

c. chemicals

d. igneous rocks




33. Echolocation is a method of locating other organisms which is used by some marine mammals.

34. Some fish that live in the ocean's depths actually adapt to the pressure by having gelatinous tissue instead of bones.

35. All of the physical characteristics which we studied are natural occurrences that effect or are a part of the oceans.

36. Ice is more dense than liquid water.

37. It is known that shorter wavelengths ( blue/green) are able to extend to deeper depths than the longer wavelengths.

38. Waters in the ocean that are colored brown or yellow are colored that way due to the angle of the sunlight shining on the surface of the water.

39. Anoxic refers to a lack of carbon dioxide

40. Temperature changes will limit where marine life can survive.



41. Sublittoral zone

42. Abyssal zone

43. Bathyal zone

44. Supralittoral zone

45. Littoral zone





46. Mesopelagic zone

47. Epipelagic zone

48. Bathypelagic zone

49. Abysso-Pelagic zone

50. Hadal zone














51. Sand Beach A. Has rotten odor also called Wetlands

52. Intertidal Flats B. Several sections shift and has grasses to anchor it

53. Salt Marsh C. Animals cling and attach to this strong surf zone

54. Sand Dune D. Possesses strong surf, wind& burrowing organisms

55.Rock Jetty E. Emerges and submerges with the tide




56. Washington D.C. A. James River

57. Original River B. Choptank River

58. Western Shore C. Potomac River

59. Norfolk and Virginia Beach D. Susquehanna River

60. Eastern Shore E. Rappahannock River


TRUE FALSE answer A for True and B for False


61. The Chesapeake Bay is a semi- enclosed body of water called a sound.

62. There are three states which make up the drainage basin

63. The upper portion of the Chesapeake Bay near the Susquehanna River is less salty than the lower portion of the bay.

64. The wetlands make wonderful nursery grounds for many species.

65. Each year the salt marsh produces food for migratory birds.

66. The two main dangers to the ecology of the Chesapeake Bay are fertilizers and plastics.

67. The two kinds of birds that became extinct due to excessive hunting in the Chesapeake Bay area were the passenger pigeon and the Carolina parakeet.

68. S.A.V. is the abbreviation for Submerged Aquatic Vegetation.

69. The Chesapeake Bay runs in a East West direction.

70. The origin for the fresh water for the Chesapeake Bay is in the Smoky Mountains.



71. Plate movement is driven by this force

a. pressure

b. volcanoes

c. earthquakes

d. convection cells


72. Divergence is plate movement which occurs when plates

a. move away from each other

b. move toward each other

c. move beside each other

d. move very slowly.




73. Convergence is plate movement which occurs when plates

a. move away from each other

b. move toward each other

c. move beside each other

d. move very slowly.

74. Lateral or Transform Fault is plate movement which occurs when plates

a. move away from each other

b. move toward each other

c. move beside each other

d. move very slowly.


75. Proof for both the Continental Drift Theory, and the Plate Tectonics Theory was found in all of these sources EXCEPT ______

a. soil

b. fossils

c. coal deposits

d. glaciers


76. The proof for the Continental Drift Theory, and the Plate Tectonic Theory was used to explain ______

a. how old the oceans are

b. how evolution began

c. how the plates moved

d. how magma was formed


77. The Earth's crustal plates float on the liquid part of the upper mantle called the

a. asthenosphere

b. lithosphere

c. hydrosphere

d. atmosphere


78. Rigid plates which hold our oceans and continents together are pieces of the

a. asthenosphere

b. lithosphere

c. hydrosphere

d. atmosphere











79. Mass a. Sound


80. 1,500 m/sec b. Light

81. 200 m c. Density

82. 1.0278 g/cm3 d. Salinity


TRUE or FALSE Answer AA@ for True or AB@ for False


83. One of the larger, older submersibles was named the Archimede.

84. Scripps Institute of Oceanography is located in Washington state.

85. The Trieste was very expensive, rather large, and had no escape pod.

86. In 1860, Charles Darwin classified, collected and studied various organisms while he was aboard the H.M.S. Retriever.

87. Matthew Maury wrote The Physical Geography of the Sea, and is considered to be the first oceanographer.

88. Aboard the Fram, Captain Nansen conducted research which was helpful in constructing the first submersibles.

89. The International Geophysical Year, which encouraged nations to join one another in research, occurred in 1984.

90. Both Thomson and John Murray made significant scientific discoveries still used today when they sailed around the world on the H.M.S. Challenger



91 Deep ocean level A. Plankton

92. Floating organisms B. Nekton

93. Area of usable light C. Benthos

94. Free swimming organisms D. Photic zone




95. Bottom dwellers such as catfish and flounders live in the _____

a. Plankton

b. Nekton

c. Benthos

d. Neritic


96. A good definition of a Food Web would be ___

a. an interacting and interdependent group of organisms

b. an insect caught by a spider

c. how one animal eats another

d. all of these



97. Without this part of the Food Web the organisms would be unable to break down into nutrients____

a. sediment

b. light

c. decomposers

d. warm temperatures


98. Nutrients are used by _____to continue the Food Chain

a. bacteria

b. small fish

c. carnivores

d. plants (phytoplankton)


99. A trophic level refers to __________

a. a location in the ocean

b. a certain level in the Food Chain

c. the deep part of the ocean

d . the depth that light penetrates into the ocean.


100. The movement in the Food Chain is from_______

a. deeper to shallow

b. shallow to deeper

c. larger to smaller organism

d. smaller to larger organism.


MATCHING Choose the best answer from the Chart

101. Midocean ridge

102. Ascending magma

103. Deep-sea trench

104. Island arc system

105. Continental crust

106. Asthenosphere

107. Oceanic crust

108. Lithosphere

109. Convection cells

110. Subduction











111. These things are broken down to become nutrients in the ocean ____

a. feces and decaying bodies

b. rich sediments

c. chemicals in the water

d. hydrothermal vents.


112. At the very top trophic level of the Food Chain is ______

a. the shark

b. the barracuda

c. the tuna

d. the porpoise


113. The list of all known elements is called _____

a. Atomic chart

b. Periodic reference

c. Elemental List

d. Periodic chart


CHOICES for numbers 114-116

a. Proton b. Electron c. Neutron

114. Carries a negative charge

115. Carries a neutral charge

116. Carries a positive charge



CHOICES for numbers 117 & 118


a. Proton b. Electron c. Proton and Neutron d. Proton and Electron


117. Atomic number = _________

118. Atomic mass = ______ and _________



CHOICES a. Periods b. Groups


119. Another name for Rows on the periodic chart.

120. Another name for Columns on the periodic chart.








a. Salinity b. Density c. Temperature d. Light e. Pressure


121. Is the factor that changes in the halocline .

122. Has a dramatically increased effect in the vertical circulation within the ocean.

123. The bathythermograph which is towed behind a ship is an instrument that measures this characteristic.

124. Below 1,000 meters there is a very limited supply of this physical quality.

125. Some fish no longer have gas bladders to adapt to this forceful characteristic.




126. Has cations and anions a. Sound

127. Has a pycnocline b. Temperature

128. Photic zone c. Salinity

129. Heat capacity d. Light

130. Depth recorder e. Density




Write your answers in thorough sentences for Four of the Eight choices listed below. Use a separate paper and include your Name, Test Version and Block Number.


1. Describe, and give examples of the THREE major types of Plate Tectonic movement.

2. Explain how the deep ocean is explored and discuss some unusual features of the floor.

3. Draw and label an Oceanic Food Web giving all of the major Four parts to the cycle.

4. Explain why the Chesapeake Bay is such an important estuary- mention names of rivers, animals found here, size etc.

5. Name the most interesting Oceanic Historical person that we studied, and explain why you chose this person.

6. Mention at least Four of the Habitats in our area, and discuss why they are different.

7. Discuss Three locations on Earth that have had recent destructive plate tectonic activity.

8. What are Four factors that endanger the future of the Chesapeake Bay?











Value of questions


1. Each of the 130 Objective questions is worth 0.7 points = 91 points.

2. Each of the 4 Essay questions is worth 2.5 points = 10 points.

3. Total number of points possible is 100 points. 101 points total




1. If any student cheats by copying answers then the result will be a zero on the Exam.

2. No student is allowed to ask any other student a question about the Exam. Any question must be addressed to the teacher only.

3. Each student should examine the ENTIRE Exam before answering to better understand the length and types of questions.

4. Monitor the time and look for clues in previous questions to other questions.

5. Leave no questions unanswered.

6. Circle any erasers which may cause an error in grading.

7. Carefully read and reread the Essay questions. Usually more than one answer is required.

8. Before you hand in the Exam be certain that you have completed the Scantron information such as name, date , block, version A or B, and that your name , date, etc is on your Essay paper.