FIRST SEMESTER REVIEW OCEANOGRAPHY

 

 

 

 

MATCHING YOU MAY USE THE ANSWERS MORE THAN ONCE

 

A. Producer B. Consumer C. Decomposer D. Nutrient

 

1. Seaweed

 

2. Shark

 

3. Phytoplankton

 

4. Whale

 

5. Bacteria

 

6. Jellyfish

 

7. Crab

 

8. Copper

 

9. Worm

 

10. Turtle

 

11. Phosphorus

 

12. Red Algae

 

13. Zooplankton

 

 


 

 

 

 

USE THE DIAGRAM BELOW

TO ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS

 

 

Locate the;

14. Continent Rise

15. Continental Slope

16. Continental

17. Continental Shelf

18. Sea Level

19. Abyssal Hills

20. Abyssal Plain

21. Island

22. Guyot

23. Seamount

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

24. When there is an accident in the laboratory. it is important to report the accident_______

a. when there is enough time

b. after telling another classmate

c. before continuing the experiment

d. immediately.

 

25. Be alert and proceed with _____________ at all times in the science laboratory is a rule to remember.

a. determination

b. care

c. caution

d. haste

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

26. When working with dangerous chemicals, the student should _________

a. wear chemical goggles

b. read the instructions three times

c. never taste , touch, or smell them

d. all of these.

 

27. If there is broken glass in the laboratory the student should tell the teacher and _____

a. use a dustpan and brush

b. pick it up with cotton

c. have your lab partner pick it up

d. have the teacher clean it up.

 

28. Be aware of the location of the emergency shower, eye wash, fire blanket, and the _________

a. emergency exit door

b. fire extinguishers

c. chemical safety goggles

d. wash basin or sink.

 

29. The minimum size tank for a saltwater aquarium is ________ gallons.

a. 40

b. 10

c. 20

d. 55

 

30. One of the best types of filter systems for the marine aquarium is the ________________

a. under gravel filter

b. outside filter

c. use of algae eaters

d. power filter

 

31. Aquarium gravel is useful in the tank because __________

a. bacteria can grow there

b. it acts as a buffer

c. it traps suspended particles

d. all of these

 

32. Remember never use of any kind___________ in the aquarium.

a. artificial salts

b. detergents

c. chemicals

d. igneous rocks

 

TRUE FALSE ANSWER "A" FOR TRUE OR "B" FOR FALSE

 

33. Echolocation is a method of locating other organisms which is used by some marine mammals.

34. Some fish that live in the ocean's depths actually adapt to the pressure by having gelatinous tissue instead of bones.

35. All of the physical characteristics which we studied are natural occurrences that effect or are a part of the oceans.

36. Ice is more dense than liquid water.

37. It is known that shorter wavelengths ( blue/green) are able to extend to deeper depths than the longer wavelengths.

38. Waters in the ocean that are colored brown or yellow are colored that way due to the angle of the sunlight shining on the surface of the water.

39. Anoxic refers to a lack of carbon dioxide

40. Temperature changes will limit where marine life can survive.

 


USE THE DIAGRAM TO THE RIGHT TO

ANSWER THESE MATCHING QUESTIONS

 

41. Sublittoral zone

42. Abyssal zone

43. Bathyal zone

44. Supralittoral zone

45. Littoral zone

 

 

SEPARATE MATCHING

 

46. Mesopelagic zone

47. Epipelagic zone

48. Bathypelagic zone

49. Abysso-Pelagic zone

50. Hadal zone

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MATCHING

CHOOSE THE BEST SELECTION

 

51. Sand Beach A. Has rotten odor also called Wetlands

52. Intertidal Flats B. Several sections shift and has grasses to anchor it

53. Salt Marsh C. Animals cling and attach to this strong surf zone

54. Sand Dune D. Possesses strong surf, wind& burrowing organisms

55.Rock Jetty E. Emerges and submerges with the tide

 

MATCHING CHOOSE THE BEST ANSWER

 

56. Washington D.C. A. James River

57. Original River B. Choptank River

58. Western Shore C. Potomac River

59. Norfolk and Virginia Beach D. Susquehanna River

60. Eastern Shore E. Rappahannock River

 

TRUE FALSE answer A for True and B for False

 

61. The Chesapeake Bay is a semi- enclosed body of water called a sound.

62. There are three states which make up the drainage basin

63. The upper portion of the Chesapeake Bay near the Susquehanna River is less salty than the lower portion of the bay.

64. The wetlands make wonderful nursery grounds for many species.

65. Each year the salt marsh produces food for migratory birds.

66. The two main dangers to the ecology of the Chesapeake Bay are fertilizers and plastics.

67. The two kinds of birds that became extinct due to excessive hunting in the Chesapeake Bay area were the passenger pigeon and the Carolina parakeet.

68. S.A.V. is the abbreviation for Submerged Aquatic Vegetation.

69. The Chesapeake Bay runs in a East West direction.

70. The origin for the fresh water for the Chesapeake Bay is in the Smoky Mountains.

MULTIPLE CHOICE -CHOOSE THE BEST ANSWER

 

71. Plate movement is driven by this force

a. pressure

b. volcanoes

c. earthquakes

d. convection cells

 

72. Divergence is plate movement which occurs when plates

a. move away from each other

b. move toward each other

c. move beside each other

d. move very slowly.

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE -CHOOSE THE BEST ANSWER

 

73. Convergence is plate movement which occurs when plates

a. move away from each other

b. move toward each other

c. move beside each other

d. move very slowly.

74. Lateral or Transform Fault is plate movement which occurs when plates

a. move away from each other

b. move toward each other

c. move beside each other

d. move very slowly.

 

75. Proof for both the Continental Drift Theory, and the Plate Tectonics Theory was found in all of these sources EXCEPT ______

a. soil

b. fossils

c. coal deposits

d. glaciers

 

76. The proof for the Continental Drift Theory, and the Plate Tectonic Theory was used to explain ______

a. how old the oceans are

b. how evolution began

c. how the plates moved

d. how magma was formed

 

77. The Earth's crustal plates float on the liquid part of the upper mantle called the

a. asthenosphere

b. lithosphere

c. hydrosphere

d. atmosphere

 

78. Rigid plates which hold our oceans and continents together are pieces of the

a. asthenosphere

b. lithosphere

c. hydrosphere

d. atmosphere

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MATCHING

 

79. Mass a. Sound

Volume

80. 1,500 m/sec b. Light

81. 200 m c. Density

82. 1.0278 g/cm3 d. Salinity

 

TRUE or FALSE Answer AA@ for True or AB@ for False

 

83. One of the larger, older submersibles was named the Archimede.

84. Scripps Institute of Oceanography is located in Washington state.

85. The Trieste was very expensive, rather large, and had no escape pod.

86. In 1860, Charles Darwin classified, collected and studied various organisms while he was aboard the H.M.S. Retriever.

87. Matthew Maury wrote The Physical Geography of the Sea, and is considered to be the first oceanographer.

88. Aboard the Fram, Captain Nansen conducted research which was helpful in constructing the first submersibles.

89. The International Geophysical Year, which encouraged nations to join one another in research, occurred in 1984.

90. Both Thomson and John Murray made significant scientific discoveries still used today when they sailed around the world on the H.M.S. Challenger

MATCHING

 

91 Deep ocean level A. Plankton

92. Floating organisms B. Nekton

93. Area of usable light C. Benthos

94. Free swimming organisms D. Photic zone

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

95. Bottom dwellers such as catfish and flounders live in the _____

a. Plankton

b. Nekton

c. Benthos


d. Neritic

 

96. A good definition of a Food Web would be ___

a. an interacting and interdependent group of organisms

b. an insect caught by a spider

c. how one animal eats another

d. all of these

 

 

97. Without this part of the Food Web the organisms would be unable to break down into nutrients____

a. sediment

b. light

c. decomposers

d. warm temperatures

 

98. Nutrients are used by _____to continue the Food Chain

a. bacteria

b. small fish

c. carnivores

d. plants (phytoplankton)

 

99. A trophic level refers to __________

a. a location in the ocean

b. a certain level in the Food Chain

c. the deep part of the ocean

d . the depth that light penetrates into the ocean.

 

100. The movement in the Food Chain is from_______

a. deeper to shallow

b. shallow to deeper

c. larger to smaller organism

d. smaller to larger organism.

 

MATCHING Choose the best answer from the Chart

101. Midocean ridge

102. Ascending magma

103. Deep-sea trench

104. Island arc system

105. Continental crust

106. Asthenosphere

107. Oceanic crust

108. Lithosphere

109. Convection cells

110. Subduction

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

111. These things are broken down to become nutrients in the ocean ____

a. feces and decaying bodies

b. rich sediments

c. chemicals in the water

d. hydrothermal vents.

 

112. At the very top trophic level of the Food Chain is ______

a. the shark

b. the barracuda

c. the tuna

d. the porpoise

 

113. The list of all known elements is called _____

a. Atomic chart

b. Periodic reference

c. Elemental List

d. Periodic chart

 

CHOICES for numbers 114-116

a. Proton b. Electron c. Neutron

114. Carries a negative charge


115. Carries a neutral charge

116. Carries a positive charge

 

 

CHOICES for numbers 117 & 118

 

a. Proton b. Electron c. Proton and Neutron d. Proton and Electron

 

117. Atomic number = _________

118. Atomic mass = ______ and _________

 

 

CHOICES a. Periods b. Groups

 

119. Another name for Rows on the periodic chart.

120. Another name for Columns on the periodic chart.

 

 

 

 

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

a. Salinity b. Density c. Temperature d. Light e. Pressure

 

121. Is the factor that changes in the halocline .

122. Has a dramatically increased effect in the vertical circulation within the ocean.

123. The bathythermograph which is towed behind a ship is an instrument that measures this characteristic.

124. Below 1,000 meters there is a very limited supply of this physical quality.

125. Some fish no longer have gas bladders to adapt to this forceful characteristic.

 

MATCHING

 

126. Has cations and anions a. Sound

127. Has a pycnocline b. Temperature

128. Photic zone c. Salinity

129. Heat capacity d. Light

130. Depth recorder e. Density

 

SHORT ANSWER ESSAYS

 

Write your answers in thorough sentences for Four of the Eight choices listed below. Use a separate paper and include your Name, Test Version and Block Number.

 


1. Describe, and give examples of the THREE major types of Plate Tectonic movement.

2. Explain how the deep ocean is explored and discuss some unusual features of the floor.

3. Draw and label an Oceanic Food Web giving all of the major Four parts to the cycle.

4. Explain why the Chesapeake Bay is such an important estuary- mention names of rivers, animals found here, size etc.

5. Name the most interesting Oceanic Historical person that we studied, and explain why you chose this person.

6. Mention at least Four of the Habitats in our area, and discuss why they are different.

7. Discuss Three locations on Earth that have had recent destructive plate tectonic activity.

8. What are Four factors that endanger the future of the Chesapeake Bay?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

INSTRUCTIONS

 

 

Value of questions

 

1. Each of the 130 Objective questions is worth 0.7 points = 91 points.

2. Each of the 4 Essay questions is worth 2.5 points = 10 points.

3. Total number of points possible is 100 points. 101 points total

 

Procedure

 

1. If any student cheats by copying answers then the result will be a zero on the Exam.

2. No student is allowed to ask any other student a question about the Exam. Any question must be addressed to the teacher only.

3. Each student should examine the ENTIRE Exam before answering to better understand the length and types of questions.

4. Monitor the time and look for clues in previous questions to other questions.

5. Leave no questions unanswered.

6. Circle any erasers which may cause an error in grading.

7. Carefully read and reread the Essay questions. Usually more than one answer is required.

8. Before you hand in the Exam be certain that you have completed the Scantron information such as name, date , block, version A or B, and that your name , date, etc is on your Essay paper.